The Pantheon is the biggest Roman achievement in architecture. The Pantheon is a temple of worship the gods believed by Roman. There is no god that specifically described, the Pantheon temple is dedicated to all the gods.
The Pantheon was originally built in the year 27 BC – 25 BC by Marcus Agrippa Vipsanius, which is clearly written on the Portico (porch pole), which Agrippa • M • L • F • COS • TERTIUM • FECIT, “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, Consul for the third time, built this building “. Patheon was initially created with the baths and gardens. But these early buildings have been destroyed in the year 80 AD, and then rebuilt.
Oculus hole is the climax for tourists who come to the Pantheon. This hole is made to describe the closeness with the light of heaven. Path of the sun across the hole is made lighting oculus in the Pantheon was because of the reflected light to the walls and floor. Forms an almost perfect round on the inside dome seemed never seen anywhere in the world before. Like an effect that had not changed as the relationship of the gods, nature, people, and the situation.
Pantheon inspired many buildings making today, as a depiction of a building which is the highest achievement of religious and political ambitions. Patheon replicated in Andrea Palladio’s buildings, the Rotunda Villa in Italy, and the Durban Hall in India.
The building was also once used a tomb for many famous people, such as the famous painter, Raphael and Annibale Caracci, the architect Baldassare Peruzzi and two kings of Italy, namely: Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I, and the queen of Umberto I, Margherita.
In the end, this temple was transformed into a church function, since the modified function by Pope Boniface IV in 609 AD, and is no longer known as the Pantheon, but with a new name, Roman Catholic Church Sta. Maria Rotonda, which is still in use.
Like going to church, the rules for tourists to keep calm and prohibition to use the flash to be obeyed. Solemn atmosphere was immediate, especially because in the Pantheon of modern there are no lights, only candles and the sun sometimes through the dome. It’s beautiful! At the Pantheon Square, there are many restaurants that can be the alternative for tourists to have lunch.
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